CHESS & COMPUTER ................ [Se preferir, veja a página em Português com mais detalhes]


The Deep Blue vs. Kasparov match, (May, 3 to 11, 1997), won by machine, wokeup discussions about chess game future.

People prophesies that machine speed soon will overtake any human opponent.

Let's see: A medium chess game can take 40 moves, each one having 35 changes both sides.

It means 3.35x10^123 possible moves (35^80).

The computer should be 4.66x10^119 moves per second fast (3.35x10^123÷7,200), instead of current 200 millions, in order to solve the game within 2 hours (official time). That is, 466 followed by 117 zeros!

When will machine reach this speed? People say that computers speed will continue to double each 13 months, as it happens nowadays. So, considering that 466 followed by 117 zeros is the same as 200,000,000x2^370 and that 370x13÷12=400, we can say the computers won't reach this speed before next 400 years!

However, they say (on 2019) the IBM's first commercial quantum computer will can reduce this time from 13 months to 12 hours, which will demand just 185 days to reach such speed, in other words, 370x12÷24!! Therefore, we will be in need just a few months to solve, definitively, the chess game!!!

Many people would say that reaching such speed every match played by two machines will result an inexorable draw. I don't think so. I think the white pieces always will win! Just like happens with people who start the Fifteen Matchsticks Game! Since it'll be definitively disclosed the secret of winning initial moves!

Of course I'm talking about a computer that plays just under its algorithm, without run to libraries (as the humans don't run). Its 200 millions speed doesn't solve even 4 moves both sides within 3 minutes (medium time per move on official games); this would demand more than 12.5 billions speed! (35^8÷180).

I still bet on human been!


It's easy to see that Kasparov will force "the World" to resign this chess game, before 30 moves, because most voters is made of mediocre chessplayers. Any medium player can do the same. Of course Kasparov knows he's doing no exceptional thing, but only promoting the sport, reason for have all chessplayers support, indeed. (Jul 7 1999)

The Match (Kasparov against The World - Jun 21 1999)

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bb5+ Bd7 4. Bxd7+ Qxd7 5. c4 Nc6 6. Nc3 Nf6 7. O-O g6 8. d4 cxd4 9. Nxd4 Bg7 10. Nde2 Qe6 11. Nd5 Qxe4 12. Nc7+ Kd7 13. Nxa8 Qxc4 14. Nb6+ axb6 15. Nc3 Ra8 16. a4 Ne4 17. Nxe4 Qxe4 18. Qb3 f5 19. Bg5 Qb4 20. Qf7 Be5 21. h3 Rxa4 22. Rxa4 Qxa4 23. Qxh7 Bxb2 24. Qxg6 Qe4 25. Qf7 Bd4 26. Qb3 f4 27. Qf7 Be5 28. h4 b5 29. h5 Qc4 30. Qf5+ Qe6 31. Qxe6+ Kxe6 32. g3 fxg3 33. fxg3 b4 34. Bf4 Bd4+ 35. Kh1 b3 36. g4 Kd5 37. g5 e6 38. h6 Ne7 39. Rd1 e5 40. Be3 Kc4 41. Bxd4 exd4 42. Kg2 b2 43. Kf3 Kc3 44. h7 Ng6 45. Ke4 Kc2 46. Rh1 d3 47. Kf5 b1=Q 48. Rxb1 Kxb1 49. Kxg6 d2 50. h8=Q d1=Q 51. Qh7 b5 52. Kf6+ Kb2 53. Qh2+ Ka1 54. Qf4 b4 55. Qxb4 Qf3 56. Kg7 d5 57. Qd4+ Kb1 58. g6 Qe4 59. Qg1+ Kb2 60. Qf2+ Kc1 61. Kf6 d4 62. g7 1-0 (Oct 22 1999)

The World - 0
The Final Position
Kasparov - 1

Kasparov's End Game Analysis

Mate in 25 movies - 62....Qc6+ 63. Kg5 Qd5+ 64. Qf5 Qg2+ 65. Qg4 Qd5+ 66. Kh4! Qg8 67. Qf4+ Kc2 68. Qf8 Qh7+ 69. Kg5 Qh2 70. g8=Q Qg3+ 71. Kf5 Qf3+ 72. Ke6 Qb3+ 73. Kd6 Qb4+ 74. Ke5 Qe1+ 75. Kxd4 (mate in 12) Qa1+ 76. Ke4 Qa4+ 77. Ke3 Qa7+ 78. Kf3 Qb7+ 79. Kg3 Qc7+ 80. Qf4 Qxf4+ 81. Kxf4 Kd3 82. Qb3+ Kd4 83. Qb5 Kc3 84. Ke3 Kc2 85. Qb4 Kc1 86. Kd3 Kd1 87. Qd2++


The Fritz vs. Kasparov match, (November, 11 to 18, 2003), drawn, disappoints me about participants' honesty. High suspicious game two Kasparov 32...Rg7?? move (losing king's pawn and the game) and high suspicious game three Fritz 14...Bd6?? move (silly attempt to capture white queen) make me believe in a farce. Nobody convinces me Kasparov didn't make a deliberated mistake, in the first case, and we didn't have an human move, in the second case; powerful computers wouldn't commit such malicious and childish move:

Game 2 - Next move 32...Rg7??
Game 3 - Next move 14...Bd6??

I don't beat neither on Kasparov, no longer, nor on these half-machines-half-humans computers. I don't forget Kasparov himself accused IBM of fraud, on previous match (Deep Blue vs. Kasparov), as long as a lot of columnists accused Kasparov himself of suspicious behaviour. That's the question: Were we watching chess tournaments or "Deep Blue" and "Fritz" manufacturers' deceitful advertising?


Do you know the smallest complete chess game has just 2 moves? Check it: 1. f3 e6 2. g4 Qh4++

© 20/05/1997 Atualizada em 20/02/2019